Search Site
For:

 
     
 
© since 1986 G&S Dye and Accessories Ltd
 
     
 
Webmaster Dixon
 
 
 

Fabric Embellishment with Dyes

 

Instructor: Dixon Chan

Topics Covered

  • immersion dyeing
  • rainbow dyeing
  • gradation dyeing
  • tie-dyeing
     

Materials Used (see formulas to determine quantities)

  • Procion 'MX' Fiber Reative Dye
  • Sodium Carbonate & Urea
  • measuring cup, measuring spoons and stirring spoons
  • Non Iodized salt (sea salt, pickling salt) but regular table salt will still work
  • zip lock bags or lots of yogurt containers
  • masks (required when mixing powder dyes only. Dyes are safe when in liquid form
  • gloves and aprons
  • string
  • buckets
  • TNA Soap (Synthrapol or Lissapol will be good too)
  • large aluminum roasting pan or rubber maid container of the same size

NOTE: Do not mix cooking equipment and accessories with your dyeing stuff.

 

Preparation

Make stock solutions. Please note that the following solutions can be shrunk proportionally. Also instructions here are slightly different than those previously written by us. Either method will work. We have added more detail and simplified it for this class.

Prewash Fabrics - required for techniques

Prewash all fabrics with TNA Soap in a washing machine to remove all sizings and dirt. TNA Soap is specially formulated to not only remove all the dirt and sizings but to also easily rinse out of the fabrics to assure good dyeing.

use approximately 60mL in a wash load to prewash approximately 20 yds of light weight cotton. Dry fabric

Presoak Solution (makes 4.0L) - NOT required for Immersion Dyeing

disolve 250gm Sodium Carbonate and 1 cups salt in 4.0L of hot tap water

can be stored in a seal container for 2 months

Dye Solutions (makes 1.0L) - NOT required for Immersion Dyeing

dissolove 25gm dye and 12 tsp of Urea in 1.0L of warm tap water

add a few drops of TNA Soap. In this incident the soap will act as a wetting agent to help break the surface tension of the fabric and allow the dye to enter the fabric easier. The amounts used will not be detrimental but actually benificial.

can be saved for 1 month but it is ideal to use withing 48 hours.

 

Chemical Water (makes 1.0L)

- Use to dilute dye solution further or Gradation dyeing

12 tsp urea to 1.0L of warm tap water

 

 

Immersion Dyeing

 

I have attached instrucions.

 

 

Rainbow Dyeing (fat quarter = approx 400 square inches)

 

1. Precut fabric and soak in "presoak solution" for 15 minutes

2. Use 12 zip lock bags and pour the following amounts of dye into each one. Please note that red, yellow and blue are general colour definition. Red could be scarlet or fuchsia, Blue could be marine or turquoise and Yellow could be either golden yellow or bright yellow. For this workshop, we shall be using bright yellow, fuchsia and turquoise.

 

1/2 cup (125mL) red

1/3 cup (83mL) red & 2 Tbsp yellow

2 Tbsp red & 1/3 cup yellow

2 tsp red & 1/2 yellow

 

1/2 cup yellow

1/3 cup yellow & 1 Tbsp blue

2 Tbsp yellow & 1/2 cup blue

2 tsp yellow & 1/2 cup blue 4 more on next page

1/2 cup blue

1/2 cup blue & 1 Tbsp red

1/4 cup blue & 1/3 cup red

2 Tbsp blue & 1/2 cup red

 

 

3. Take fabrics out of presoak solution and squeeze excess back into bucket and put one piece into each bag of dye. Seal bag

4. Move dye around in bag for a minute and let stand.

5. Agitate bag every five minutes for the next 60 minutes.

6. Let stand in bag for 24-48 hours.

7. Take out and rinse under luke warm water until water is almost clear.

8. If a lot dye is still prevelant in rinse water, process with Retayne Dye Fix (see attached instructsions)

9. Wash fabrics in TNA Soap

10. Dry, iron and fabric is now ready to be used in your creations

 

 

Gradation Dyeing - one colour (fat quarter = approx 400 square inches)

 

1. Precut fabric and soak in "presoak solution" for 15 minutes

2. Place 6-8 glass jars (about 1.0L size) on the table numbered #1, #2, #3, etc....

3. Pour 1 cup of dye solution into the jar #1 and add 1 cup of chemical water to jar #1

4. Pour 1 cup of the solution in jar #1 into jar #2 and add 1 cup of chemcal water to jar #2

5. Pour 1 cup of the solution in jar #2 into jar #3 and add 1 cup of chemical water to jar #3

6. keep doing this until jar #6 or jar #8 depending how much you want to extend the gradation.

7. Take fabrics out of presoak solution and squeeze excess back into bucket and put one piece into each jar of dye.

8. Move dye around in jar for a minute and let stand.

9. Agitate bag every five minutes for the next 60 minutes.

10. cover jar and let stand in jar for 24-48 hours.

11. Take out and rinse under luke warm water until water is almost clear.

12. If a lot dye is still prevelant in rinse water, process with Retayne Dye Fix (see attached instructsions)

13. Wash fabrics in TNA Soap

14. Dry, iron and fabric is now ready to be used in your creations

 

 

Tie-Dyeing

1. Tie fabrics in desired patterns (pick up a book for hints on different patterns and tying techniques)

2. Soak fabric in "presoak solution" for 15 minutes

3. Take fabrics out of presoak solution and squeeze excess back into bucket.

4. Place on a tray or in a roasting pan

5. Spray, sponge, pour or dip fabric with the dye solution. You can apply as many colours as you wish at this time. Make sure you get into all crevesous and cracks so as to not leave more white space than desired.

6. Place dyed fabric into a bag or cover tray or roasting pan so as to lock in all the moisture.

7. let stand for 24-48 hours.

8. Take out and rinse under luke warm water until water is almost clear.

9. If a lot dye is still prevelant in rinse water, process with Retayne Dye Fix (see attached instructsions)

10. Wash fabrics in TNA Soap

11. Dry, iron and fabric is now ready to be used in your creations

 

Quicker Setting Method

 

1. There is a quicker way of setting. The most popular quick method is to pop the item after it is dyed and in the bag, into a microwave on "high" for 4-5 minutes.

2. Allow to cool and proceed to rinse as usual. You will need to process with Retayne (see attached instructions) to properly set colours.

3. Wash fabric with TNA Soap

4. Dry, rion and fabric is now ready to be used in a fraction of the time

 

Although this is faster, allowing the package of fabric to sit the 24-48 hours is still the best.

 

Closing

Thank you for taking this workshop and allowing me to share what I know on dyeing. You have learned the most common and useful techniques for embellishing fabrics with dyes but there is so much more that can be learned (Shiborri, polychromatic dye printing, batik, dye painting and many more). So if you ever want to explore more or if you have further questions withe the techniques taught today, please do not hesitate to contact me (preferably email).

Take care

 

Dixon

 

 

Safety - IMPORTANT!!!!

Common sense should be used when handling any dye or chemical. Prolonged inhalation of dye powder can cause an allergic reaction in some people. Wear a dust mask and rubber gloves for safety. Keep out of eyes and mouth and always supervise children.